Scientific Forecaster Discussion

Return to Local Conditions & Forecast

Without Abbreviations
With Abbreviations

fxus64 kbmx 241940 
afdbmx

Area forecast discussion
National Weather Service Birmingham Alabama
240 PM CDT sun Sep 24 2017

Short term...

Updates made this morning appear to still be on track as we are
beginning to see isolated showers in the northeast. Will hold onto
activity through 10 PM, but it will likely be done earlier due to
the isolated nature this afternoon. This isolated nature is due to
2 reason. The first we are seeing a somewhat drier airmass working
into the region from the east. Secondly we are being cutoff from
the rich airmass with all of the convection associated with a meso
low near the Alabama coastline. This low has also increased the
dry airmass as a general subsidence zone has set over the
southeast. There may be some patchy fog again tonight, but again
will be generally thin and should not cause any major issues.

16

Long term...
Monday through Saturday.

By Monday, we can finally say goodbye to any last upper level
signature from Jose, taken over by Maria. The large upper trough
over The Rockies opens up pulling the energy over the southern
states into it as an open wide shortwave. The NE US ridge breaks
down as Maria continues northward. The result for c Alabama Monday
will be only low pops in the afternoon with diurnal heating in
the southwest with better chances near the Gulf Coast.

Tuesday into Wednesday, the main upper low associated with The
Rockies system moves northeast toward Manitoba Tuesday and toward
Quebec by Wednesday. At the same time, a piece of energy breaks
off from the trough forming a closed low on Wednesday over the
Desert Southwest. Ridging fills in over the Gulf behind Maria (as
she treks northward along the Atlantic Seaboard over the atlantic)
and starts to wrap its way around into Texas and the lower MS
River Valley. We should remain dry for Tuesday into Wednesday
across central Alabama being on the dry northerly flow side of
Maria along with ridging in place across much of the deep south.

At the surface, a cold front makes progress across the central
part of the US to near our door step by late Wednesday. Each run
of the guidance looks a little drier ahead of the front. We really
do not get an opportunity for much of any return flow ahead of the
front due to our position in respect to Maria. So, I have removed
the low pops on Thursday that were there. A second reinforcing
surface front moves in behind it on Friday escorting a 1030-32 mb
ridge across the upper plains into the mid west states. Extended
models do agree on the secondary front with a nice ridge behind
it. Some disagreement comes into play with the orientation of said
ridge and exactly the extent of our gradients and northerly flow.
This in turn is somewhat dependent on the exact position of Maria
by Friday. If she is just off the East Coast then we will have
tighter pressure gradients and a more northerly flow across
Alabama with colder temperatures. If Maria ends up a little
further to the east over the Atlantic then we could end up with
more relaxed pressure gradients and a flatter ridge over more of
conus and thus not as strong of a northerly flow with not as much
cold air advection and thus milder temperatures but still
definitely cooler than we are now.

08

&&

Aviation...
18z taf discussion.

VFR conditions should be predominate through the period. Coverage
of afternoon showers/storms appears too isolated to include in
any taf due to dry air moving in aloft and weak forcing, but will
need to monitor tcl. East winds today will be around 7-9 kts.
Brief MVFR again in the morning.

16



&&

Fire weather...

Shower and thunderstorm chances are more confined to the
southwest counties of central Alabama through Monday afternoon
with daytime heating. Relative humidity values only drop into the
upper 40s and 50s. There are no fire weather concerns at this
time. A change in the pattern is expected by early Thursday with
the arrival of a cold front along with cooler and drier weather
expected as we head into next weekend.

&&

Preliminary point temps/pops...
Gadsden 64 87 64 88 65 / 10 10 0 0 0
Anniston 66 87 65 87 66 / 10 10 0 0 0
Birmingham 68 88 68 90 67 / 10 10 0 10 0
Tuscaloosa 68 90 68 92 68 / 10 10 0 10 0
Calera 68 88 67 89 67 / 10 10 0 10 0
Auburn 67 87 66 88 68 / 10 10 0 0 0
Montgomery 70 90 68 91 69 / 10 20 10 10 0
Troy 66 88 67 89 67 / 10 20 10 10 0

&&

Bmx watches/warnings/advisories/...

National Weather Service Glossary of Abbreviations